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    2018年北大中文核心期刊目录 电力工程师职称  水利施工  浙江大学学报

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    科研论文开题报告的写作

    发布时间:2018-06-05 14:57:29更新时间:2018-06-05 14:57:29所属分类:技巧指导浏览:1更多优质资料,可以联系在线客服索取!

    科研开题报告所涉及到的方面主要为:论文题目、选题依据、研究方法及手段、论文的框架结构、论文写作的阶段计划等内容。论文开题报告应该怎么写,对于开题报告的写作能否写好与这些因素也有直接的关联,以下这些就是对这些方面的介绍。

      科研开题报告所涉及到的方面主要为:论文题目、选题依据、研究方法及手段、论文的框架结构、论文写作的阶段计划等内容。论文开题报告应该怎么写,对于开题报告的写作能否写好与这些因素也有直接的关联,以下这些就是对这些方面的介绍。

    科研论文开题报告的写作

      一、论文题目

      论文题目就是论文的名称,在写作时应注意论文名称一定要准确、简练,即论文的名称要把论文研究的对象、问题准确地概括出来。常存在的问题有:论文题目不准确、选题不具有一定的理论意义和实用价值、选题难易不合适。

      准确、简练、醒目、新颖的论文题目一定要结合自己的实际研究能力与水平,这样才能体现出学科、专业特点和教学计划中对能力知识结构的基本要求,从而实现毕业论文综合训练的目的。

      二、选题依据

      开题报告中选题依据主要包括:选题的来源及意义、国内外研究状况、本选题的研究目标、内容创新点及主要参考文献等内容。

      三、研究方法及手段

      论文采用的研究方法及手段主要包括:选题的研究方法、手段及实验方案的可行性分析和已具备的实验条件等。常存在的问题有:有些学生采用的研究方法及手段无相应的解释说明;个别学生选用的不是论文的研究方法。

      论文的研究方法可从下面选定:观察法、调查法、实验法、经验总结法、个案法、比较研究法、文献资料法等,写作时应注意结合自己的论题对选用的研究方法做简要解释说明。

      四、论文的框架结构

      良好的结构层次可以帮助作者明晰构思、贯通文脉,同时也是写好论文的重要保证。“言之有序”的问题要靠结构层次来保证。强调结构的目的是为了使文章内容紧紧围绕主题层层展开、环环相扣,使整篇论文系统严密、浑然一体。常存在的问题主要有:标题之间条理不清,缺乏逻辑性;标题概括性不够。

      论文的框架格式首先要符合逻辑规律。论文的结构形式通常有并列式、递进式、总分式和分总式等。因为论文结构层次一般分成若干个自然段,或是用若干个小标题来论述。所以在写作框架结构时,应注意每层的小标题均用阿拉伯数字连续编码。

      上述这些就是有关科研论文开题报告的写作信息,对于写作中的一些细节问题还是需要大家注意的。由于细节方面的事项有很多,大家有什么不了解的都可以来咨询中国月期刊咨询网在线编辑人员。

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